Oral surgery is a branch of dentistry that involves various surgical procedures to treat disorders and anomalies of the oral cavity, including teeth, gums, jaws, and related structures.
These procedures are performed to address a wide range of issues that can impede daily functions such as eating or speaking, or those causing pain or discomfort.
Oral surgery is often recommended for patients with specific unfavorable biological and anatomical conditions in the oral cavity, as well as aesthetic, functional, and other anomalies and diseases in that area.
The goal of oral surgery is to improve the overall health and function of the oral cavity, and in many cases, enhance the patient’s aesthetic appearance.
Extraction of Wisdom Teeth (Alveolotomy)
Placement of Artificial Bone (Augmentation)
Dental Implant Placement
Removal of Tooth Root Tip (Apicoectomy)
Treatment of Oral Cyst (Cystectomy)
Descriptions of individual operations
Apicoectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the tip of a tooth root, often in cases where traditional endodontic therapy (“root canal treatment”) has not been successful.
This procedure can help preserve a tooth that would otherwise need extraction. It is a common and minor surgical procedure that usually takes between 30-60 minutes, depending on the location and tooth being treated. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, ensuring a painless experience for the patient.
The procedure begins with careful incision and elevation of the gum tissue to access the tooth root, followed by the removal of the inflamed area and the tip of the tooth root. Subsequently, the root canal is cleaned and filled with appropriate materials. Depending on the individual case, endodontic treatment may be performed before or during the apicoectomy procedure. Finally, the incision to access the gum tissue is sutured.
Apicoectomy is a safe and effective procedure that can help save a tooth that would otherwise require extraction. It is typically performed by an oral or maxillofacial surgeon or an endodontist, and the recovery time may vary depending on the extent of the procedure.
Cystectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove cysts and periapical lesions (abscesses, granulomas) that cause severe pain and swelling in the oral cavity. These lesions are usually diagnosed through panoramic X-ray (OPG) scans and are commonly performed by an oral or maxillofacial surgeon or an endodontist.
The procedure involves removing the cyst while preserving healthy tissue, and the affected area is closed with sutures. It is performed under local anesthesia or intravenous sedation, and the recovery time may vary depending on the size and location of the cyst.
Bone augmentation, also known as bone grafting, is a procedure for patients with insufficient jawbone. This procedure increases the amount of bone in the jaw, necessary for proper placement and stability of dental implants. The procedure is typically performed by an experienced oral or maxillofacial surgeon, using advanced techniques and materials to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient.
The procedure is usually performed in a surgical setting under local anesthesia, providing the patient with a comfortable and painless experience. The procedure typically takes about 30-45 minutes, and the used artificial bone promotes the regeneration of natural bone. Following the procedure, there is a recovery period of about 4-6 months, depending on the type of procedure.
The success of bone augmentation is extremely high, and the body generally accepts the transplanted bone without issues. Bone augmentation is a crucial step in ensuring the success of implant therapy and can help patients achieve a functional and aesthetically pleasing smile.
Sinus lift is a routine oral surgical procedure used to increase the amount of bone in the jaw, particularly in the premolar and molar regions. It is performed by an experienced oral or maxillofacial surgeon in a surgical office under local anesthesia.
The procedure typically takes about 30 minutes and involves building up bone with artificial materials to form new bone. The artificial bone is made up of granules that promote the regeneration of natural bone, increasing its volume.
After the procedure, the incision is closed with sutures. Sinus lift in dentistry is a well-established procedure with a high success rate, conducted to enhance bone volume in the jaw, crucial for dental implant placement.
Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, can cause various problems when they begin to emerge from the gums, including pain, swelling, and difficulty in opening the mouth. In some cases, wisdom teeth may become impacted or retained, meaning they cannot fully emerge from the gums.
In such cases, a surgical procedure known as alveolotomy or extraction may be required to remove the wisdom teeth and alleviate symptoms. Wisdom tooth extraction is a routine procedure performed by an oral or maxillofacial surgeon and is conducted under local anesthesia. The operation is performed in an operating room for better control and sterile conditions.
The procedure typically lasts about 30-45 minutes, and postoperative instructions are given to the patient to ensure proper healing. Generally, wisdom tooth extraction is a routine procedure that eliminates pain and discomfort caused by impacted or retained wisdom teeth.
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